Geneticists are leaders in biology and are directly involved in unlocking some of the secrets of life. A geneticist has many roles such as putting together the puzzles of heredity and DNA. They spend most of their life looking for the answers to one to several specific questions and are incredibly dedicated to their work. With this devotion, the field of genetics has thrived, advanced, and progressed throughout the years.
What Does a Geneticist Do?
a) There are several applications of genetics in a variety of fields. More are expected to become prevalent with the progression of technology and new research. The major fields involved in genetics are crime, medicine, and agriculture. Geneticists working at pharmaceutical companies help to uncover birth defects, the origin of diseases, developing prevention techniques, and even therapy.
b) With the population increase, there are no more people to feed in the world. This also means that it is important for the supply to meet the demand of the people. Geneticists in the agricultural specialty strive to develop and improve crops that can grow in harsh conditions, yield more produce, or increase the size of the produce itself.
c) Geneticists with the advancement of technology now have a better understanding of the DNA from tissue samples and are now applying it to their knowledge of solving crimes. Geneticists are able to be laboratory detectives with DNA sampling to ensure that the right perpetrator is convicted of the crime.
Types of Geneticists:
most geneticists are drawn to the fields of medicine, agriculture, and crime. With these three fields geneticists have a good chance of finding employment in government, universities, biorepository or biobanks, and major pharmaceutical companies. These three fields can be closely related in terms of research. This means that geneticists can make a lot of useful contacts within the industry regardless of specialization. Generally, there are two types of geneticists:
a) Laboratory geneticist – the field that most geneticists choose to enter. This role involves the application of genetic technologies.
b) Genetic counselor – a field where geneticists work as consultants or as a nurse. This role involves working closely with parents who are at risk of conceiving children with birth defects. They also play a crucial part in consulting with healthcare and insurance companies regarding new medical technologies.
Qualifications of a Geneticist:
To be a geneticist, extensive study at bachelor level is most often required. Most commonly a Bachelor of Science in chemistry or biology is sought. However, any physical science will be accepted as long as it is paired with a minor in biology. There are very few positions available to those with only a Bachelor of Science. Most of these are lab assistant positions which lack the same upward mobility. A master’s in the field of genetics would be helpful but those looking for authority in research and development should acquire a Ph.D. or M.D. Generally, four to six years after the completion of an undergraduate degree is spent taking advanced science classes and conducting personal research projects. These are done with grants from pharmaceutical companies, universities, or the government. This project will be one of the main points in the resume and will play a major role in the hiring decision making process. Fresh graduates usually enter the company as a lab or research assistant. However, those with more advanced degrees will move faster through the ranks to develop new technologies and methods.
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CROs help to lower costs for companies that are trying to develop new drugs and medication in niche markets. Their goal is to simplify drug development and facilitate entry into markets. They also aim to support research institutions, foundations, universities, and governmental organizations. Many CRO's provide clinical trials or clinical study support for medical devices and drugs. CROs can range in size from small and niche specialty groups to large and international organizations. CROs that specialize in clinical trials help their clients by offering their expertise of creating a new medical device or drug from conception until it has been marketed and approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA). If you are interested in any CRO Services fill out our request form
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2) Contract research organization. Wikipedia. Accessed 7/24/2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contract_research_organization
3) What is a geneticist? Environmental Science. Accessed 7/24/2018. https://www.environmentalscience.org/career/geneticist
4) What does a geneticist do? Sokanu. Accessed 7/24/2018. https://www.sokanu.com/careers/geneticist/